Bibliography

The Old Courthouse, Jefferson National Expansion Memorial
The Old Courthouse, Jefferson National Expansion Memorial

Here is the complete bibliography of the book, which runs to 49 pages. Please contact me about any mistakes, and with questions.

Given the formatting trouble, I am also making a copy available in PDF here.

I. Primary Sources

A. Archives and Collections Consulted

Academy of Science of St. Louis
Academy of Science Minutes

Archdiocese of St. Louis Archives
Bishop Files
Parish Files
Mary E. White, “Archbishop Peter Richard Kenrick and the Civil War”

Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University
St. Louis City Directories

Chicago History Museum (formerly the Chicago Historical Society)
L. U. Reavis Papers

Central Baptist Church Archives, St. Louis
Church Histories

Davenport Public Library
Davenport City Council Minutes

Gasconade County Historical Society, Hermann
1855 Inquest, Deposition, and Subpoena

Harvard University Libraries

Jefferson National Expansion Memorial, National Park Service, St. Loui
John A. Bryan, “The Rotunda 1839-1955”
Historic Structure Report
Jefferson National Expansion Memorial Administrative History
Mechanics’ Institute of St. Louis Records
Old Courthouse Materials
Research Reports
Superintendents’ Reports

Lincoln University Archives, Jefferson City
Lincoln Institute Blotter
Board Minutes
Subject Files
Larry McHenry Research Collection of Rock Island Bridge Materials

Midwest Jesuit Archives, St. Louis
Biographical Files

Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis
George Engelmann Papers

Missouri History Museum, St. Louis (formerly the Missouri Historical Society)
Nathan D. Allen Diary
Badger Family Papers
Henry C. Barnard Papers
Bates Family Papers
Nathan Belcher Papers
Thomas Hart Benton Collection
Daniel Bissell Papers
Blow Family Papers
Hudson Erastus Bridge Papers
James Overton Broadhead Papers
P. Taylor Bryan Papers
Chouteau Papers
Civil War Collection
Crow Family Papers
John Fletcher Darby Papers
John Dougherty Papers
Charles D. Drake Papers
William Greenleaf Eliot Papers
George J. Engelmann Papers
Filley Family Papers
Louis Fusz Diary
Daniel B. Gale Papers
Charles Gibson Papers
Hagaman Family Papers
Hull Family Papers
Hunt Family Papers
George R. Harrington Papers
Thomas S. Hawley Papers
Julius Hutawa Binder
Kennett Family Papers
Kensinger Family Collection
Knapp Family Papers
James C. Lackland Papers
William Carr Lane Papers
Abraham Lincoln Papers
James Edwin Love Papers
Ludlow-Field-Maury Family Papers
Mayer Family Papers
Madison Miller Papers
A. F. McAlister File
Missouri History Collection
Missouri Historical Society Museum Collections
Missouri History Museum Scrapbooks
Meredith T. Moore Papers
Morrison Family Papers
Mullanphy Family Papers
Frank P. O’Hare Papers
William K. Patrick Papers
Paddock Family Papers
Charles Peabody Travel Diary
Portraits Collection
Prints and Photographs Collection
Railroads Collection
Seth A. Ranlett Diary
L. U. Reavis Papers
St. Louis Circuit Court Records
St. Louis Merchants’ Exchange Records
St. Louis Volunteer Fire Department Collection
Schools Collection
Dred Scott Collection
Slaves and Slavery Collection
George R. Smith Papers
Solomon Franklin Smith Papers
Dr. John F. Snyder Papers
William L. Sublette Papers
James Tower Sweringen Papers
George R. Taylor Papers
Theater Program Collection
Dexter P. Tiffany Collection
Transportation Collection
Samuel Treat Papers
Julius Sylvester Walsh Papers
Sylvester Waterhouse Papers
James Josiah Webb Papers
Willis Family Papers
Carl Wimar Papers

Missouri State Archives, Jefferson City
1875 Constitutional Convention Debates
W.J. Burton Manuscript History of the Pacific Railroad, 1956
Capitol Fire Collection
Governor’s Papers
Laws of Missouri
Missouri House and Senate Papers
Missouri Supreme Court Papers
Provost Marshal Papers (National Archives microfilm)
William J. Wooden Letters

Mark Twain Boyhood Home and Museum, Hannibal

Missouri State Archives, St. Louis Circuit Court Records, St. Louis
Mechanics’ Liens
Civil and Criminal Cases from the Civil War Era
Forest Park Cases

New York Public Library, Humanities and Social Science Library

Pilgrim Congregational Church, St. Louis
Board Minutes
Church Histories

Rock Island Arsenal Museum
Arsenal Histories
Museum and Artwork Collection

Rock Island County Historical Society, Moline

Rock Island Public Library
Rock Island Bridge Files

St. John’s Methodist Church Archives
Church Histories

St. John’s Auxiliary Minutes

St. Louis Art Museum
Curators’ Files

St. Louis County Library
Church Histories
Freedmen’s Bureau Letters (National Archives microfilm)

St. Louis Mercantile Library
1856 Letter of Introduction
Archives of the St. Louis Mercantile Library Association
Adolphus Benedict Scrapbook
Thomas Hart Benton Collection
Emil Boehl Photographs
Robert Campbell Family Collection
Gantt et al Letter to George Vandenhoff
Alexander Gardner Photographic Prints
Greve-Fisher Collection
Robbins Collection
St. Louis Fairs Collection
Records of the St. Louis Lyceum
St. Louis Maps and Guidebooks
St. Louis Mercantile Library Art and Sculpture Collection
St. Louis Views and Images Collection
Elihu Shephard Letter
Snow-Wherry Papers
Henry Stoddard Letter
James Tower Sweringen Letters, Ruth Ferris Collection
Tevis Civil War Scrapbook Collection
James S. Thomas Collection
Daniel Webster Letters

St. Louis Public Library
Forest Park Collection
U.S. Department of War Arsenal correspondence
U.S. Senate Photograph Album for the Western Sanitary Commission
Winston Churchill Collection

St. Louis University Archives
John F. Bannon Manuscript Collection
Clemens-Hardaway Manuscript Collection
Cyril Clemens Manuscript Collection
Oscar W. Collet Manuscript Collection
Walter H. Hill Manuscript Collection
Laurence J. Kenny Manuscript Collection
Miscellaneous Autograph Collection
Miscellaneous St. Louis and Missouri Manuscript Collection
Mullanphy-Clemens Family Manuscript Collection
Philalethic Society Records
St. Louis University Records
St. Louis University Scrapbooks
Nathan B. Young Jr. Archive

Second Baptist Church of Greater St. Louis
Church Board Minutes
Church Histories

State Historical Society of Missouri, Columbia
State Historical Society Art Collection
Vertical Files

Trinity German Evangelical Lutheran Church
Church Board Minutes
Church Histories

Department of Special Collections, Washington University Libraries, St. Louis
Hudson Bridge Papers
Chancellor’s Scrapbooks
William Greenleaf Eliot Papers
Irving Union
Alexander S. Langsdorf, “History of Washington University, 1853-1953”
Holmes Smith, “History of Washington University”
Marshall Snow Scrapbooks
Marshall S. Snow, “History of Washington University”
Washington University Board of Trustees Minutes

Western Historical Manuscript Collections, Columbia and St. Louis
Alvord Collection
David Rice Atchison Papers
J.H.P. Baker Civil War Diary
G. W. Ballow Letter
Louis Benecke Papers
Thomas Hart Benton Campaign Handbill
William Bishop Papers
Griffin Brander Papers
Boatmen’s Savings Bank History
Lizzie E. Brannock Letter
B. Gratz Brown Letter
Capital Removal Convention Resolutions
Civil War Letter, 1863
Bennett and Clark Champ Papers
Colman-Hayter Family Papers
James S. Cowan Letter
J.C. Crane Letter
Charles P. Deatherage, “The Rambles of a School Boy in Saint Louis”
Alexander W. Doniphan Letters
W.R. Dyer Letter
Henry C. Fike Diaries
Chauncey Ives Filley Letters
Forest Park Collection
Emory S. Foster Letter
Sarah Guitar Papers
A. L. Hager Diary
John H. Holman Papers
Alexander Inness Letter
Claiborne Fox Jackson Papers
Lilburn A. Kingsbury Collection
Ladies’ Union Aid Society Reports, 1862-1863
Charles Lanman Collection
Abiel Leonard Papers
Nathan H. McCausland Papers
Public Works Board
Charles Rannell Papers
Logan Uriah Reavis Papers
A. W. Reese Papers
James Rollins Papers
St. Louis Banking Houses Notice
St. Louis Mississippi Bridge Company, Articles of Association
Francis Asbury Sampson Collection
William Henry Schrader Papers
George R. Smith Papers
J. Orville Spreen Papers
Frederick Starr Jr. Papers
Charles A. Wade Papers
Sarah and Alice Williams Diaries

Yale University Manuscripts and Archives
Nathan B. Young Jr. File

B. Newspapers and Magazines

Amerika
Anzeiger des Westens
Davenport Daily Gazette
Daily Missouri Democrat
Missouri Daily Argus
Missouri Republican
Moline Workman
New York Times
Rock Island Daily Republican
Rock Island Weekly Advertiser
Rock Islander
St. Louis Daily Evening News
St. Louis Daily New Era
St. Louis Daily Times
St. Louis Daily Union
St. Louis Deutsche Tribüne
St. Louis Intelligencer
St. Louis Globe
St. Louis People’s Organ
St. Louis Post-Dispatch
St. Louis Reveille
Die Vehme
Westliche Post (and Sunday edition, Mississippi Blätter)

C. Printed Documents

Adams, Otis. “Letter in 1849.” Missouri Historical Society Bulletin 6, no. 3 (April 1950): 368-73.

Anderson, Galusha. The Story of a Border City During the Civil War. Boston: Little Brown and Co., 1908.

Anderson, John Richard. Sermon on the Life, Character, and Death of Rev. John B. Meachum, Late Pastor of the First African Baptist Church, Saint Louis, Mo. Saint Louis: Charless, 1854.

Bates, Edward. The Diary of Edward Bates, 1859–1866, ed. Howard K. Beale and Mary Parker Ragatz. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1933.

Beecher, Lyman. A Plea for the West. Cincinnati: Turman & Smith, 1835.

Benton, Thomas Hart. Highway to the Pacific. Grand National Central Highway. Speech of Mr. Benton on Introducing a Bill for the Construction of a Grand National Central Highway from St. Louis to San Francisco. Delivered in the Senate of the United States, Dec. 16, 1850. [Washington]: Towers, 1850.

———. Historical and Legal Examination of That Part of the Decision of the Supreme Court of the United States in the Dred Scott Case, Which Declares the Unconstitutionality of the Missouri Compromise Act and the Self-Extension of the Constitution to Territories, Carrying Slavery Along with It. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1857.

———. Thirty Years’ View; or, a History of the Working of the American Government for Thirty Years, from 1820 to 1850. Chiefly Taken from the Congress Debates, the Private Papers of General Jackson, and the Speeches of Ex-Senator Benton, with His Actual View of Men and Affairs; with Historical Notes and Illustrations, and Some Notices of Eminent Deceased Contemporaries. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1854.

———, ed. Abridgment of the Debates of Congress, from 1789 to 1856. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1857.

Blaine, James Gillespie. Twenty Years of Congress: From Lincoln to Garfield. Norwich, Conn.: The Henry Bill Publishing Company, 1884.

Boernstein, Henry. Memoirs of a Nobody: The Missouri Years of an Austrian Radical, 1849-1866. Translated by Steven Rowan. St. Louis: Missouri Historical Society Press, 1997.

———. Die Geheimnisse Von St. Louis. Cassel: H. Hotop, 1851.

Bosco, Ronald A., and Joel Myerson, eds. The Later Lectures of Ralph Waldo Emerson, 1843-1871. 2 vols. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2001.

———, eds. The Selected Lectures of Ralph Waldo Emerson. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2005.

Bremer, Fredrika, and Mary Botham Howitt. The Homes of the New World: Impressions of America: Harper & Bros., 1853.

Brown, Benjamin Gratz. Speech of the Hon. B. Gratz Brown, of St. Louis, on the Subject of Gradual Emancipation in Missouri. Jefferson City, 1857.

Brown, William Wells. Narrative of William W. Brown, a Fugitive Slave – Written by Himself Boston: Anti-Slavery Office, 1847.

Bryan, William Smith, and Robert Rose. A History of the Pioneer Families of Missouri, with Numerous Sketches, Anecdotes, Adventures, Etc., Relating to Early Days in Missouri. Also the Lives of Daniel Boone and the Celebrated Indian Chief, Black Hawk, with Numerous Biographies and Histories of Primitive Institutions. St. Louis: Bryan Brand & Co., 1876.

[Bungay, George Washington]. Nebraska: A Poem Personal and Political. Boston: John P. Jewett and Co., 1854.

Carroll, Anna Ella. “Plan of the Tennessee Campaign,” North American Review 142, no. 353. (April 1886): 342-348.

Catlin, George. Letters and Notes on the Manners, Customs, and Conditions of the North American Indians. New-York: Wiley and Putnam, 1841.

———, Therese Thau Heyman, George Gurney, and Brian W. Dippie. George Catlin and His Indian Gallery. Washington, D.C.: Renwick Gallery-Smithsonian American Art Museum-W.W. Norton, 2002.

Chopin, Kate, and Per Seyersted. The Complete Works of Kate Chopin. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1970.

———, and Emily Toth. A Vocation and a Voice: Stories. New York: Penguin Books, 1991.

Chouteau, Auguste, and St. Louis Mercantile Library Association. Fragment of Col. Auguste Chouteau’s Narrative of the Settlement of St. Louis. St. Louis: G. Knapp & Co., 1858.

Churchill, Winston. The Crisis. New York: Macmillan, 1901.

Clamorgan, Cyprian. The Colored Aristocracy of St. Louis. Edited by Julie Winch: University of Missouri Press, 1858; 1999.

Clarke, James Freeman. James Freeman Clarke: Autobiography, Diary and Correspondence. Edited by Edward Everett Hale. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin and Company, 1891.

Colfax, Schuyler. Fremont’s Hundred Days in Missouri. Speech of Schuyler Colfax, of Indiana, in Reply to Mr. Blair, of Missouri, Delivered in the House of Representatives, March 7, 1862. Washington: Scammell & Co., 1862.

Collyer, Robert. “A Tribute from Robert Collyer,” Our Best Words 8, no. 8., April 15, 1887.

Darby, John Fletcher. Personal Recollections of Many Prominent People Whom I Have Known, and of Events—Especially of Those Relating to the History of St. Louis—During the First Half of the Present Century. St. Louis: G. I. Jones and Company, 1880.

Dearborn, William L. Description of a Rail Road Route, from St. Louis to San Francisco. Boston: Dutton and Wentworth, printers, 1850.

Dent, Josiah. Lecture on the Mississippi Valley, Delivered before the St. Louis Mercantile Library Association on the 18th February, 1853. St. Louis: Chambers & Knapp, 1853.

Dickens, Charles. American Notes for General Circulation London: Chapman and Hall, 1842 http://www.eslarp.uiuc.edu/ibex/archive/dickens/dickens.htm [cited June 2006].

Douglass, Frederick. Inaugural Ceremonies of the Freedmen’s Memorial Monument to Abraham Lincoln. Washington City, April 14, 1876. Saint Louis: Levison & Blythe, 1876.

———. Oration in Memory of Abraham Lincoln: Delivered at the Unveiling of the Freedmen’s Monument in Memory of Abraham Lincoln in Lincoln Park, Washington, D.C.. 1876., paras. 3, 24, 9, http://teachingamericanhistory.org, accessed July 2008.

Duke, Basil W. Reminiscences of General Basil W. Duke. Garden City: Doubleday, Page, and Company, 1911.

Edwards, Richard, and Merna Hopewell. Edwards’s Great West and Her Commercial Metropolis: Embracing a General View of the West and a Complete History of St. Louis, from the Landing of Ligueste, in 1764, to the Present Time; with Portraits and Biographies of Some of the Old Settlers, and Many of the Most Prominent Business Men. St. Louis: Published at the Office of “Edwards’s Monthly”, 1860.

Eliot, Charlotte Chauncy. William Greenleaf Eliot, Minister, Educator, Philanthropist. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin & Co., 1904.

Eliot, Christopher R. “The Lincoln Emancipation Statue,” Journal of Negro History 29, no. 4. (October 1944): 471–475.

Eliot, Henry Ware. “A Brief Autobiography, 1843-1919,” in William Greenleaf Eliot Papers, Washington University Archives. St. Louis, 1919.

Eliot, William Greenleaf. Address Delivered before the Franklin Society of St. Louis on the Occasion of Its First Anniversary, January 7th, 1836. St. Louis: Charless & Paschall, 1836.

———. Lectures to Young Men, Delivered in the Church of the Messiah. St. Louis: Printed at Republican office, 1852.

———. Lectures to Young Women. New York: C. S. Francis and Company, 1855.

———. The Story of Archer Alexander from Slavery to Freedom March 30, 1863. Boston: Cupples Upham & Co., 1885.

Emerson, Ralph Waldo. The Journals and Miscellaneous Notebooks of Ralph Waldo Emerson. Edited by William H. Gilman, et al. Cambridge: Belknap Press-Harvard University Press, 1960-1982.

———, and Ralph L. Rusk. The Letters of Ralph Waldo Emerson. 6 vols. New York: Columbia University Press, 1939-1966.

Engelmann, George. “Elevation of St. Louis above the Gulf of Mexico.” Transactions of the Academy of Science of St. Louis 1, no. 4 (1857-1860): 663-67.

Foster, Richard Baxter. Historical Sketch of Lincoln Institute, Jefferson City, Missouri., Upon the Dedication of the New Building. July 4, 1871.

Frémont, John Charles, and Jessie Benton Frémont. Memoirs of My Life. New York: Belford, Clarke & Company, 1887.

Grant, Ulysses S. Personal Memoirs of U.S. Grant. New York: The Century Co., 1885.

Green, James. Green’s St. Louis Directory. St. Louis: J. Green and Cathcart & Prescott, 1847.

———. Green’s St. Louis Directory. St. Louis: J. Green and Cathcart & Prescott, 1850.

Hart, Adolphus M. History of the Valley of the Mississippi. Cincinnati: Moore, Anderson, Wilstach & Keys, 1853.

Harvey, Alexander Miller. Tales and Trails of Wakarusa. Topeka: Crane, 1917.

Heywood, John H. “William Greenleaf Eliot.” The Unitarian Review (March 1887): 227-46.

Hogan, John. Thoughts About the City of St. Louis: Her Commerce and Manufactures, Railroads, &C. St. Louis: Mo. Republican Steam Press Print, 1854.

Hoover, John Neal, ed. Cultural Cornerstone, 1846-1998: The Earliest Catalogs of the St. Louis Mercantile Library and the Growth of the Collections for a Varied Community of Readers. [St. Louis]: St. Louis Mercantile Library at the University of Missouri-St. Louis, 1998.

Hosmer, Harriet Goodhue, and Cornelia Carr. Harriet Hosmer Letters and Memories. New York: Moffat, Yard and Company, 1912.

Hosmer, James K. “Introduction.” In William Greenleaf Eliot, Minister, Educator, Philanthropist. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin and Company, 1904.

Hyde, William, and Howard Louis Conard. Encyclopedia of the History of St. Louis, a Compendium of History and Biography for Ready Reference. New York: The Southern History Company, 1899.

Johnson, Michael P., ed. Abraham Lincoln, Slavery, and the Civil War: Selected Writings and Speeches. Boston, Mass.: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2001.

Keemle, Charles. The St. Louis Directory for the Years 1838-1839 Containing the Names of the Inhabitants, Their Occupations, Numbers of Their Places of Business and Dwellings; with a Sketch of the City of St. Louis. St. Louis: Printed by C. Keemle, 1838-1839.

Kennerly, William Clark, and Elizabeth Kennerly Russell. Persimmon Hill, a Narrative of Old St. Louis and the Far West. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1949.

King, Edward. The Great South. a Record of Journeys in Louisiana, Texas, the Indian Territory, Missouri, Arkansas, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, South Carolina, North Carolina, Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, and Maryland. Hartford: American Publishing Co., 1875.

Körner, Gustav Philipp, and Thomas J. McCormack. Memoirs of Gustave Koerner, 1809-1896: Life-Sketches Written at the Suggestion of His Children. 2 vols. Cedar Rapids, Iowa: Torch Press, 1909.

Leopard, Buel, and Floyd C. Shoemaker, comp. and ed. The Messages and Proclamations of the Governors of the State of Missouri. Columbia: State Historical Society of Missouri, 1922.

Lincoln, Abraham. “The Perpetuation of Our Political Institutions: Address before the Young Men’s Lyceum of Springfield, Illinois, January 27, 1838.” In Collected Works. The Abraham Lincoln Association, Springfield, Illinois, edited by Roy P. Basler, I:108-19. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1953.

———. “Fragment on the Dred Scott Case.” In Collected Works. The Abraham Lincoln Association, Springfield, Illinois, edited by Roy P. Basler, II:387-88. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1953.

———. “Speech at Springfield, June 27, 1857.” In Collected Works. The Abraham Lincoln Association, Springfield, Illinois, edited by Roy P. Basler, III:398-410. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1953.

———. “Seventh and Last Debate with Stephen A. Douglas at Alton, Illinois.” In Collected Works. The Abraham Lincoln Association, Springfield, Illinois, edited by Roy P. Basler, III:398-410. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1953.

Lindenbusch, John H. Historic Structure Report, Historic Data Section, Part I, and Historic Grounds Study, Old Courthouse, Jefferson National Expansion Memorial. Denver, Colorado: Denver Service Center, National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior, 1982.

Loeb, Isidor, and Floyd C. Shoemaker, eds. Debates of the Missouri Constitutional Convention of 1875. 12 vols. Columbia: State Historical Society of Missouri, 1930.

Ludlow, Noah Miller. Dramatic Life as I Found It: A Record of Personal Experience; with an Account of the Rise and Progress of the Drama in the West and South, with Anecdotes and Biographical Sketches of the Principal Actors and Actresses Who Have at Times Appeared Upon the Stage in the Mississippi Valley. St. Louis: G.I. Jones and Company, 1880.

Magoon, Elias Lyman. Living Orators in America. New York: Baker and Scribner, 1849.

Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company. Nebraska and Kansas. Report of the Committee of the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company, with the Act of Incorporation, and Other Documents. Boston: For the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Co., 1854.

McPheeters, William M. I Acted from Principle: The Civil War Diary of Dr. William M. Mcpheeters, Confederate Surgeon in the Trans-Mississippi. Edited by Cynthia DeHaven Pitcock and Bill J. Gurley. Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 2002.

Merrick, George Byron. Old Times on the Upper Mississippi: The Recollections of a Steamboat Pilot from 1854 to 1863. Cleveland, Ohio: A.H. Clark Co., 1909.

Missouri General Assembly, and C. C. Ziegler. Report of the Committee to Examine into and Report Upon the Condition of the Various Railroad Companies in the State of Missouri. Jefferson City: J. Lusk, Public Printer, 1855.

Napton, William Barclay, Christopher Phillips, and Jason L. Pendleton. The Union on Trial: The Political Journals of Judge William Barclay Napton, 1829-1883. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2005.

Nicollet, Joseph Nicholas. “Sketch of the Early History of St. Louis.” In The Early Histories of St. Louis, edited by John Francis McDermott, 131-63. St. Louis: St. Louis Historical Documents Foundation, 1952.

O’Hanlon, John. Life and Scenery in Missouri: Reminiscences of a Missionary Priest. Dublin: J. Duffy & Co., 1890.

Olmsted, Frederick Law. Defending the Union: The Civil War and the U.S. Sanitary Commission, 1861–1863, ed. Jane Turner Censer, The Papers of Frederick Law Olmsted, Vol. 4 Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1986.

———, Charles E. Beveridge, and Charles Capen McLaughlin. Slavery and the South, 1852-1857. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1981.

Parkman, Francis. France and England in North America. A Series of Historical Narratives. Boston: Little, Brown, and Company, 1865-1897.

———. The Oregon Trail. 1985 reprint. New York: Penguin Classics, 1849.

Post, Truman Augustus, and Congregational Publishing Society. Truman Marcellus Post, D.D., a Biography, Personal and Literary. Boston and Chicago: Congregational Sunday-school and publishing society, 1891.

Post, Truman M. Voices of History: A Lecture Delivered before the Mercantile Library Association, of St. Louis, Missouri, January 2d, 1851. St. Louis: W. D. Skillman – Chamber & Knapp, Republican Office, 1851.

Raymond, Henry J., and F.B. Carpenter, The Life and Public Services of Abraham Lincoln. Together with His State Papers, Including His Speeches, Addresses, Messages, Letters, and Proclamations, and the Closing Scenes Connected with His Life and Death. To Which Are Added Anecdotes and Personal Reminiscences of President Lincoln. New York: Derby & Miller, 1865.

Reavis, Logan Uriah. A Change of National Empire. or, Arguments in Favor of the Removal of the National Capital from Washington City to the Mississippi Valley. St. Louis: J.F. Torrey, 1869.

———. A Pamphlet for the People: Containing Facts and Arguments in Favor of the Removal of the National Capital, to the Mississippi Valley. St. Louis: E.P. Gray, 1869.

———. Saint Louis: Die Welt-Stadt Der Zukunft. St. Louis: County Court, 1870.

———. Saint Louis: The Future Great City of the World. St. Louis: By the order of the St. Louis County Court, 1870.

———. The National Capital Is Movable: or, Facts and Arguments in Favor of the Removal of the National Capital to the Mississippi Valley. St. Louis: Missouri Democrat Book and Job Printing House, 1871.

———. The New Republic, or, the Transition Complete, with an Approaching Change of National Empire, Based upon the Commercial and Industrial Expansion of the Great West Together with Hints at National Safety & Social Progress. St. Louis: J.F. Torrey, 1867.

Roider, Karl, ed. “Eyewitness: Letters About the Gasconade Bridge Disaster.” Railroad History 184 (Spring 2001): 62-65.

Rombauer, Robert J. The Union Cause in St. Louis in 1861: An Historical Sketch. St. Louis: Press of Nixon-Jones Printing Co., 1909.

St. Louis Mercantile Library Association. Fourth Annual Report of the Board of Directors of the Mercantile Library Association of St. Louis, Missouri. St. Louis: Chambers and Knapp, 1850.

———. Fifth Annual Report of the Board of Directors of the Mercantile Library Association of St. Louis, Missouri. St. Louis: Chambers and Knapp, 1851.

———. Ninth Annual Report of the Board of Directors of the Mercantile Library Association of St. Louis, Missouri. St. Louis: St. Louis Mercantile Library Association, 1855.

———. Eleventh Annual Report of the Board of Directors of the Mercantile Library Association of St. Louis, Missouri. St. Louis, 1857.

———. Fourteenth Annual Report of the Board of Directors of the Mercantile Library Association of St. Louis, Missouri. St. Louis: Missouri Democrat, 1860.

———. Eighteenth Annual Report of the Board of Directors of the Mercantile Library Association of St. Louis, Missouri. St. Louis: George Knapp and Co., 1864.

St. Louis Pageant Drama Association, Official Programme. The Pageant and Masque of Saint Louis, Forest Park, Thursday, Friday, Saturday and Sunday, May 28th, 29th, 30th and 31st, 1914. St. Louis: Nixon-Jones Printing Co., 1914.

St. Louis Philalethic Society, A Debate by the Philalethic Society of St. Louis University, on Monday, February 21, 1870. St. Louis: G. Knapp & Co., 1870.

Scharf, J. Thomas. History of St. Louis City and County, from the Earliest Periods to the Present Day Including Biographical Sketches of Representative Men. Philadelphia: L.H. Everts, 1883.

Schurz, Carl. The Reminiscences of Carl Schurz. New York: McClure Company, 1907.

Shepard, Elihu Hotchkiss. The Autobiography of Elihu H. Shepard, Formerly Professor of Languages in St. Louis College. St. Louis: G. Knapp & Co., 1869.

———. “The Later History of St. Louis and Missouri.” St. Louis, 1870.

Sherman, William T. Memoirs of General William T. Sherman. 2nd ed. 2 vols. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1886.

Siddali, Silvana R., ed. Missouri’s War: The Civil War in Documents. Athens: Ohio University Press, 2009.

Snead, Thomas L. The Fight for Missouri, from the Election of Lincoln to the Death of Lyon. New York: C. Scribner’s sons, 1886.

Snider, Denton Jacques. The St. Louis Movement in Philosophy, Literature, Education, Psychology, with Chapters of Autobiography. St. Louis: Sigma Publishing Co., 1920.

Stedman, W.S., and Co., Catalogue of Autographs, Letters, Documents, and Signatures, Relics and Curiosities, Photographs, Portraits, &C. Donated to the Mississippi Valley Sanitary Fair, and to Be Sold at Auction for the Benefit of the Western Sanitary Commission. St. Louis: R.P. Studley, 1864.

T., “Correspondence of the Daily Sentinel.” Milwaukee Daily Sentinel May 19, 1857 printed May 27, 1857, col C via 19th Century Newspapers.

Taylor, Jacob N., and M. O. Crooks. Sketch Book of Saint Louis: Containing a Series of Sketches of the Early Settlement, Public Buildings, Hotels, Railroads. St. Louis: G. Knapp & Co. printers, 1858.

Thomas, James. From Tennessee Slave to St. Louis Entrepreneur: The Autobiography of James Thomas, ed. Loren Schweninger. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1984.

Tuckerman, Henry T. Book of the Artists—American Artist Life. New York: G.P. Putnam & Son, 1867.

Twain, Mark [Samuel Langhorne Clemens]. Life on the Mississippi. 1883.

———. “The Private History of a Campaign that Failed.” 1885. In Collected Stories, Sketches, Speeches & Essays. New York: Library of America, 1992.

———. Mark Twain Speaking. Paul Fatout, ed. Iowa City: University of Iowa Press, 1976.

United States Army Corps of Topographical Engineers. U.S. Pacific Railroad Exploration and Surveys, 1855.

Volck, Adalbert John. Sketches from the Civil War in North America, 1861, ’62, ’63. “London” [likely Baltimore], 1863. online at www.gettysburg.edu/special_collections, accessed November 2007

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